Sri Kuladevatha prasanna

ASSOCIATES

Both historically and Puranically, Puravankara Tharavadu is closely linked to many temples and places of worships in the neighbourhood. The Tharavadu is also knit to most of the other communities occupying the area and plays a creative role in their ceremonies and worships.

I. DIVINE ABODES

1. MADIYAN KOOLOM: The bond between the Tharavadu and Madiyan Koolom Temple is inextricable. Historically, even the establishment of the Tharavadu itself is due to the blessing of God Kshetrapalan . As the courtesy, the Malar Nivedyam in the Temple for daily Pooja is offered by the Tharavadu. ?Thanneelamruthu?, the most auspicious Vazhipadu in the temple is mandatory for commencing the Theyyam festival in the Tharavadu. Special Offerings are made in the Temple before the inception of new ventures and ceremonies in the Tharavadu.

2. THRIKKANNAD SRI THRIAMBAKESHWARA TEMPLE: The Dharma Dhaivam or the presiding deity of the Tharavadu is supposed to have confirmed its affinity to the ancestors from this temple. This Temple is supposed to be the Moolasthanam of Sri Moovalam Kuzhi Chamundi, who was given the abode there by Lord Thrikkanniavilappan. The Theyyam festival in the Tharavadu begins only after offering Payasam Vazhipadu in the Temple.

3. KEEZHUR SRI DHARMA SASTHA TEMPLE: The progenitors of the Tharavadu were supposed to have been from the vicinity of this temple and were devoted to Lord Sastha. Hence. Puravankara has an emotional attachment with the temple and Payasam Vazhipadu is done here also before Kaliyattam. Sri Sastha worship is paramount to the members and observe Shani Vrutham, a symbolic fasting to appease the evil effects of Lord Shani, from this temple. Interestingly, the Heads or Guruswamis [chief of Ayyappa Devotees] of many Ayyappa Madoms in the locality belong to Puravankara Tharavadu.

4. ATHIYAL SRI CHOOLIYAR BHAGAVATHI TEMPLE: The inextricable bond between Puravankara and this temple dates back to centuries as mentioned in the history of the Tharavadu. The festivals in this temple are to be enlivened by the presence of the members of the Tharavadu. Besides, the long standing relation is exemplified through certain unique rituals. During the month of Chingam, representatives of the temple used to visit the Tharavadu and receive seven Paras of paddy with which the Puthari Utsavam of the temple is performed. In return, the temple authorities offer rice flakes and puffed rice to the Tharavadu and this system still persists with paddy being substituted with money. Similarly, after the special rites in the temple on the 18th of Karkadakam, a portion of chicken was presented to the Tharavadu, which came to a standstill only recently when the temple authorities set aside the whole ritual. Kaliyattam is performed here every year and Perumkaliyattam [major Theyyam festival] was conducted here in the year 2000.

5. ADOT SRI PADARKULANGARA BHAGAVATHI PUTHIYA STHANAM: This temple is the principal abode of worship of a section of Thiya community in the area. The predecessors of the Tharavadu contributed profusely at the time of the establishment of this temple and later during its renovation and hence Puravankara adorns the mantle of Koima here. Morover, the members of both communities join hands at the time of festivals and ceremonies. Kaliyattam in this temple is preformed once in every two years. A particular Theyyam namely Pulikandan Theyyam used to visit Puravankara Tharavadu and Puthiyavalappu House of Puravankara and accept the milk offerings from here after performing a ritual called KarikuKuli.

6. ADOT SRI VANADURGA DEVASTHANAM: This has recently become a famous temple in Kasaragod district and it is intimately connected with Puravankara. The place where the temple situate was once the property of the Tharavadu where Divine Forces were worshipped but later lost to the local landlords and the shrine had fallen into ruin. As the destiny had it, Sri. Puravankara Gangadharan Nair played a pivotal role in the renovation of the temple and the subsequent cultural renaissance of the area during the 1990's.

II. OTHER COMMUNITIES

1. VARIKKAT THANTHRI [BRAHMIN] : The Tantrik rights in the Tharavadu is vested with the Varikkat Illam Thanthris of Pullur. On Prathishta Dinam, the Thanthri performs the rituals and any kind of alteration to the system of worship is initiated only with the consent of the Thanthri. Sri. Sreedharan Varikkattuthayar is the present Thanthri in charge of the affairs of Puravankara Tharavadu. His predecessor, Late Sri. Vishnu Varikkattuthayar accomplished a commendable service in the Tharavadu from 1984 onwards till his demise.

2. MADIYAN CHINGAM [VANNAN] : This is the title given to the head of the Madiyan Vannan community, who has the privilege to perform the Kula Devatha of the Tharavadu, Sri Chooliyar Bhagavathi and other Theyyams like Aryakkara Bhagavathi and Padaveeran during the Kaliyattam. Madiyan Chingam, is also blessed with the honour of performing Sri Kshetrapalan, the omnipotent deity of the land at Madiayan Koolom Kalasam festival. Sri Chindan Chingam is the present Chingam who is holding this sceptre for more than 30 years.

3. UDAYAVARMAN PERUMALAYAN [MALAYAN]: Another community who has the right to perform Theyyam here is Udayavarman Perumalayan Tharavadu of Mathurakkat.The Dharma Devatha of the Tharavadu, Sri Moovalamkuzhi Chamundi, Sri Potten Daivam and Vishnumoorthy are designated to this group. Sri Raman Panikar is the present Udayavarman Perumalayan, the head of the sect.

4. MADIYAN THANDAN [THEEYA] : This is the tittle given to the head of a group of warriors associated with Sri Padarkulangara Pazhaya Devasthanam at Adot. They had their martial academy called Kalari where the warriors were trained to keep the domain safe from invaders. They are privileged to present Kalasam [Toddy] to Lord Kshetrapalan during the festival and there are two distinct categories among this group namely Kalarikkal Thandan and Vayalil Thandan. Kalarikkal Thandan has the prerogative to set up toddy and other beverage offerings to the Theyyam during the Kaliyattam at Puravankara Tharavadu. He is in charge of the sacrificial chickens for the Theyyams, coconut palm leaves (Thiriyola) and areca frond (Pala) for the attire and arrange the fire heap for Sri Potten Theyyam performance. He too is the bridge between Tharavadu and the Theyyam Performers as he is the person authorised to communicate the needs and demands between them.

5. ATHIYAL SHALIYA [PADMASHALIYA] The inextricable association with this community that dates back to centuries is already mentioned.

6. PULIKKODAN PARIKARMI [MANIYANI] This Maniyani Tharavadu holds the right to be in charge of the weapons and paraphernalia during Kaliyattam at Puravankara. Though the right is still vested with them, it is members from other Maniyani Tharavadu who perform the role of Parikarmi [lieutenant] for the last many decades.

7. VEENACHERY KOLLAN KOTTIL [VISHWAKARMA] This is a sect of Iron smiths who have the right to cleanse and polish the holy weapons of the Gods during Kaliyattam. Only this group has the privilege to renovate the holy weapons or to make new ones for the deities at the Tharavadu.

8. VELLIKOTH VANNATHAN VEEDU [VELUTHEDAN] This traditional washer-man community settled at Bellikoth take charge of the cloths required for the rituals during Kaliyattam. They also hold the right to be the Madiyan Kuruppu, an official status at Sri Madiyan Kshetrapalan Temple.